The honey buzzard can be found from the central and southern parts of Finland all the way up to the regions in southern parts of Lapland. The honey buzzard prefers broad-leaved forests and mixed forests as its habitat. Usually, the honey buzzard selects a spruce tree for nesting. Honey buzzards migrate to Finland first at the turn of May-June, when their primary food, bees and wasps and bumblebees with their pupae and flies are abundant in the country. The honey buzzard eats also other insects as well as birds’ eggs and young ones, adding into its diet berries and fruit of the trees by the end of summer. The honey buzzard likes to stay well out of sight. Migration starts in August, and the last individuals have left the country already by mid-September.
The honey buzzard is a protected species in nature conservation areas. As a bird with quiet lifestyle, it doesn’t confront many threats in Finland. Along the migration routes around the Mediterranean countries, thousands of honey buzzards lose their lives in the hands of free-time shooters annually.
ADAPTING TO THE WINTER
The honey buzzard migrates to the Western Africa for its winter grounds in rain forests.
FAMILY: Accipitridae - Hawks and eagles
SIZE: Weight: 450-100g, wingspan: 135-150cm, females larger than males.
BREEDING: The female lays 1-3 eggs in June, incubation period: 31-37 days and nights; also the male hatches the eggs.
LIFESPAN: According to ringing data, the oldest honey buzzard has lived to 29 years of age.