The moose is one of the largest species in all of Northern Europe and Asia. Moose can be found throughout Finland, except the bare mountaintops in the mountain regions above the tree line in the northernmost parts of Lapland. Moose thrive where nutrition is abundant, and they can migrate long distances between summer and winter pastures, even up to 100 km. In the summer, moose prefer regions with mostly broad-leaved trees, preferably close to wetlands and waters. In summertime the moose feeds on about 200 different types of plants consisting of grass vegetation, leaves of trees and bushes and sprouts as well as water plants. In the winter the moose feeds mostly on twigs and brushwood and branches of trees. Forests with pine sapling stands and broad-leaved tree copses can collect herds of several moose, to spend their winter.
The European moose population is thriving. Moose is a game animal in Finland, and for the amount of meat received, the most important hunting object. About 60 000-70 000 moose individuals are hunted annually.
ADAPTING TO THE WINTER
Moose has adapted extremely well to the northern winter. Its large size helps it stay warm in the cold, and the thick, partly hollow guard hair of the fur prevents the loss of the body heat. Long legs help the moose to wade through thick layer of snow. The subcutaneous fat reserve gathered during the period of unfrozen ground, enables the moose to survive the harshest time of the winter. In the spring-time, abundant nutrition, especially the sprouts of the trees, particularly the pine sprouts are available for the moose again.
CLASS: Mammalia - mammals
FAMILY: Cervidae – The deer family
SIZE: 240-600kg, stands at 150-230cm at the withers, males notably larger than females.
BREEDING: Heat in September-October, gestation period: 8 months, offspring 1-2 (-3) at a time. Independent in 1 year, females reach sexual maturity in the autumn of their second year, males later.
LIFESPAN: 10-18 years